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Compilation © 1993 University Publications of America. | All rights reserved.

OL Edison. fapers

A SELECTIVE MICROFILM EDITION

PART II (1887-1898)

Thomas E. Jeffrey

Microfilm Editor Gregory Field Mary Ann Hellrigel Theresa M. Collins Paul B. Israel David W. Hutchings Robert A. Roserberg Lisa Gitelman Karen A. Detig Leonard DeGraaf Gregory Jankunis Dennis D. Madden Douglas G. Tarr Editors Reese V. Jenkins

Director and Editor

Sponsors Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site : New Jersey Historical Commission 4 Smithsonian Institution i

University Publications of America Bethesda, Maryland 1993,

Edison signature used with permission of McGraw-Edison Company.

ti ahpeaieeatlemeiiaiiaien EE pci viata Las, te,

Thomas A. Edison Papers at Rutgers, The State University endorsed by National Historical Publications and Records Commission 18 June 1981

Copyright © 1993 by Rutgers, The State University All rights reserved. No part of this publication including any portion of the guide and index or of the microfilm may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means—graphic, electronic, mechanical, or chemical, including photocopying, recording or taping, or information storage and retrieval systems—without written permission of Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

The original documents in this edition are from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 0-89093-702-8.

THOMAS A. EDISON PAPERS

Associate Editor Paul B. Israel

Research Associates Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Karen A. Detig

Intern Gregory Jankunis

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Microfilm Editor

Robert A. Rosenberg Managing Editor, Book Edition

Helen Endick Assistant Director for Administration

Assistant Editors Keith A. Nier Gregory Field Lisa Gitelman Martha J. King

Secretary Grace Kurkowski

Student Assistant Bethany Jankunis

Sree eee

BOARD OF SPONSORS

Rutgers, The State University of National Park Service New Jersey John Maounis Francis L, Lawrence Maryanne Gerbauckas Joseph J. Seneca Nancy Waters Richard F, Foley : George Tselos Rudolph M. Bell Smithsonian Institution New Jersey Historical Commission Bernard Finn Howard L. Green Arthur P. Molella EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology Alfred D, Chandler, Jr., Harvard University Neil Harris, University of Chicago Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Arthur Link, Princeton University Nathan Reingold, Smithsonian Institution Robert E. Schofield, lowa State University

CORPORATE ASSOCIATES

William C. Hittinger (Chairman), RCA Corporation Edward J. Bloustein, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey * Cees Bruynes, North American Philips Corporation Paul J. Christiansen, Charles Edison Fund Philip F. Dietz, Westinghouse Electric Corporation Roland W. Schmitt, General Electric Corporation Harold W. Sonn, Public Service Electric and Gas Company Morris Tanenbaum, AT&T

“Deceased,

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS

PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund

The Hyde and Watson Foundation Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation

PUBLIC FOUNDATIONS

National Science Foundation

National Endowment for the Humanities

National Historical Publications and Records Commission

PRIVATE CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS

Alabama Power Company

Amerada Hess Corporation

Anonymous

AT&T

Adantic Electric

Association of Edison Illuminating, Companies, Inc.

Battelle Memorial Institute

The Boston Edison Foundation

Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc.

Carolina Power & Light Company

Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company

Corning Glass Works Foundation

Duke Power Company

Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric Systems)

Exxon Corporation

Florida Power & Light Company

General Electric Foundation

Gould Inc, Foundation

Gulf States Utilities Company

Idaho Power Company

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Towa Power and Light Company

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz

Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.

McGraw-Edison Company

Minnesota Power

New Jersey Bell

New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation

Philadelphia Electric Company

Philips International B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company

RCA Corporation

Robert Bosch GmbH

Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas & Electric

Savannah Electric and Power Company

Schering-Plough Foundation

Texas Utilities Company

Thomas & Betts Corporation

Thomson Grand Public

Transamerica Delaval Inc.

Westinghouse Educational Foundation

Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

i t i t i i § {

t

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.

PUBLICATION AND MICROFILM

COPYING RESTRICTIONS

Reel duplication of the whole or of. ee . any part of this film is prohibited. oe In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected a items contained on these reels he may be made in order to facilitate

_research. |

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1888 DOCUMENT FILE 1888, Battery (D-88-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents concerning the procurement and testing of batteries for Edison’s phonograph and phonoplex.

1888. Bergmann & Company (D-88-02)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business, organization, and management of Bergmann & Co. The company manufactured electric lighting fixtures, sockets, and other devices used with the Edison system of electric lighting, as well as equipment for the Edison phonoplex system of telegraphy. Some of the documents concern Edison's turbulent personal and business relationship with Sigmund Bergmann. There are also some items pertaining to equipment ordered by the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia. Related material can be found in D-88-53 (Telegraph-Phonoplex).

1888. Dick (A.B.) Company (D-88-03)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the mimeograph and electric pen business of A.B, Dick Co. Some of the items pertain to the technical and commercial development of the mimeograph. Also included are writing samples produced by the mimeograph and a few letters dealing with mimeograph royalty payments. In addition, there are inquiries about the electric pen--the predecessor to the mimeograph--and about the electric pen battery. Among the correspondents are Albert B. Dick, president of the company, and Robert Gilliland, Edison’s mimeograph agent in Michigan.

1888. Drexel, Morgan & Company (D-88-04) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence about routine financialtransactions undertaken by Drexel, Morgan & Co. for Edison or his companies. The letters deal with topics that do not fall under the main subject categories,

1888. Edison, T.A. - General (D-88-05)

This folder contains documents, primarily correspondence, covering a wide variety of subjects. Some of the material relates to personal matters, Also included are documents that deal with more than one subject, such as a letter about both the electric light and the phonograph. Documents concerning subjects that do not fall under the main subject categories are also filed in this folder. Among the items are correspondence with Henry Villard concerning the formation of a company to manufacture Edison’s inventions and a list of proposed research projects. Also included are letters about the rift between Edison and Edward H. Johnson, one of his business associates, and about Edison sending models of several of his inventions to Sir Frederick Bramwell for a lecture before the Royal Institution of Great Britain.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Accounts (D-88-06) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine documents relating to Edison's personal and business finances. Included are draft account sheets and other miscellaneous financial documents that were used in entering information into journals and ledgers, Also included are routine letters and other documents from Edison’s banks pertaining to his accounts and financial transactions,

1888. Edison, T.A. - Articles (D-88-07) This folder contains correspondence requesting Edison to write articles; correspondence relating to articles

about Edison or his inventions; and letters from journalists seeking to interview Edison. Also included is an interview with Edison regarding the phonograph, his work habits, and patent infringement suits.

1888, Edison, T.A. - Autograph and Photograph Requests (D-88-08) [not filmed] This folder contains routine correspondence requesting Edison’s autograph or asking for photographs of him. Also included is routine correspondence by Alfred O. Tate, Edison’s private secretary, in response to some of those requests, 1888. Edison, T.A. - Bills and Receipts (D-88-09) [not filmed] This folder contains bills and receipts for routine West Orange laboratory, personal, and family expenses.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Bills of Lading (D-88-10) {not filmed]

This folder contains bills of lading for the shipment of merchandise to Edison or to the West Orange laboratory.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Book and Journal Orders (D-88-11) [not filmed] This folder contains correspondence, bills, and lists relating to the ordering of books and journals. 1888, Edison, T.A. - Clubs and Societies (D-88-12) This folder contains correspondence, receipts, and other documents relating to Edison’s membership and activities in social clubs and professional societies, Also included are requests by clubs and societies for demonstrations of Edison’s inventions and tours of the West Orange laboratory. Among the organizations represented are the Junior Edison Association, the Electric Club of New York, and the New England Society of Orange. 1888. Edison, T.A. - Creditors (D-88-13) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence relating to unpaid bills for Edison’s personal and West Orange laboratory expenses. Related correspondence can be found in D-88-09 (Edison, T.A. - Bills and Receipts).

1888. Edison, T.A. - Employment - Incoming Correspondence (D-88-14) This folder contains correspondence from or about employees and prospective employees. There are also letters of recommendation in support of individuals seeking employment. Most of the correspondence relates to employment requests for the West Orange laboratory. Some documents pertain to employment at Glenmont and at the various Edison companies.

1888, Edison, T.A.- Employment - Outgoing Correspondence (D-88-15)

This folder contains copies of outgoing correspondence to or about employees and prospective employees.

Much of the correspondence was typed by Edison's office staff, and the documents are similar to the material found in the Letterbook Series, Most of the letters cover the period January-October 1888 and are responses to inquiries about employment at the West Orange laboratory. The majority of the letters are by Edison’s private secretary, Alfred O. Tate. There is also correspondence by Charles Batchelor, superintendent of the laboratory, and by Charles H. Davids, superintendent of the laboratory's mechanical department.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Family (D-88-16)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents by and about Edison's family, Some of the documents concern the monthly stipend paid by Edison to Margaret Stilwell, his former mother-in-law. There are also requests for money from other relatives. Other items pertain to the health of Edison's father, Samuel, and to the birth of Edison’s second daughter, Madeleine.

1888. Edison, T. A. - Insurance (D-88-17)

This folder contains correspondence from insurance agents requesting Edison to purchase personal and business insurance policies, Among the documents are several letters from agent John H. Wood pertaining to policies for the West Orange laboratory and for the land and buildings at Mento Park. Also included is a letter regarding Edison’s settlement on a horse carriage accident in which he was involved,

1888, Edison, T.A. - Outgoing Correspondence (D-88-18)

This folder contains copies of outgoing correspondence similar to the material found in the Letterbook Series. Most of the letters cover the period January-October 1888 and pertain to the phonograph, the phonoplex system, electric lighting, and other technical and business interests, Some of the letters deal with the establishment of electric light systems in foreign countries, particularly Japan and Switzerland, and with management changes at the Edison Spanish Colonial Light Co. Other letters relate to the introduction of the improved phonograph in Great Britain and other foreign countries. There are also letters regarding Edison's search for improved batteries, the development of improved condensers at the Edison Machine Works, phonoplex production problems at Bergmann & Co., and problems with electric wiring in the homes in Llewellyn Park. There is also some personal correspondence. Much of the correspondence is by Edison's private secretary, Alfred O, Tate. There are also letters by Charles Batchelor on behalf of the West Orange laboratory and the Edison Phonograph Works.

1888. Edison, T. A. - Real Estate (D-88-19)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the purchase and sale of land and buildings. Included are several letters from Fitch, Fox & Brown, real estate brokers, regarding the sale of land owned by Edison in Washington, D.C.

1888. Edison, T. A. - Secretary (D-88-20)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Alfred O. Tate’s role as Edison’s private secretary, along with occasional items pertaining to Tate’s private life. Letters addressed to Tate in his capacity as Edison’s secretary or representative that do not fall under the main subject categories are generally filed in this folder. The documents pertain to a wide variety of topics, including the Gilliland-Tomlinson Phonograph controversy, Edison’s stock subscription in the Westman Furnace Co., and Edison's acquisition of horses and a carriage. Letters addressed to Tate that deal with a specific subject or the business of a particular company can be found in their appropriate subject folders.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Suppliers (D-88-21) [not filmed] This folder contains correspondence pertaining to suppliers of equipment and materials for Edison. Letters that are directly related to the West Orange laboratory or to a specific company can be found in D-88-56 (West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers) and in the various company folders, 1888. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Advice (D-88-22)

This folder contains routine correspondence suggesting improvements in Edison’s inventions, asking him for advice on technical matters, or requesting his assistance in improving or promoting an invention.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Business (D-88-23) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence from individuals requesting agencies for Edison’s inventions, inquiring about their purchase or cost, asking for other information about his inventions, or seeking to do business with Edison.

1888. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Deafness (D-88-24) [not filmed]

This folder contains requests for information about the technical and commercial development of a hearing aid by Edison. These inquiries were stimulated by Edison’s work on the improved phonograph, which drew attention to his own deafness,

1888, Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Foreign Language (D-88-25) [not filmed] This folder contains routine untranslated letters addressed to Edison. 1888. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Personal (D-88-26) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine personal requests, fan mail, and other items for which no record of a significant response by Edison has been found. Included are letters asking Edison for educational advice, personal information, loans, charitable contributions, exhibits of his inventions, and other personal favors,

1888. Edison, T.A. - Visitors (D-88-27) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine letters of introduction and requests to visit Edison and/or tour the West Orange laboratory.

1888. Electric Light - General (D-88-28)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to electric lighting and power. Included are letters pertaining to the alternating current controversy, alternating current and electrocution experiments conducted by Harold P. Brown, and the search for bamboo and other fibrous plants in Latin America and Southern Asia. There are also documents concerning competition between the Edison and Westinghouse electric lighting systems. Many of the letters are by Charles F, Hanington and Frank McGowan, who conducted the fiber search in Latin America. Some of the correspondence is by James Ricalton, who handled the fiber search in Southern Asia.

1888. Electric Light - Armington and Sims (D-88-29)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison's dealings with Armington and Sims, manufacturer of steam engines for Edison central stations. Some of the letters are testimonials to the quality of the company’s engines. Among the correspondents are Theodore Andrews, secretary of the company; Pardon Armington, treasurer; and Gardiner C. Sims, general manager.

1888. Electric Light - Edison Electric Light Company - General (D-88-30)

This folder contains correspondence, reports, and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Electric Light Co. Included are letters pertaining to alternating current, the payment of West Orange laboratory expenses, and the organization of the company’s standardizing bureau. There is also a six-page table of patent infringement suits initiated by, and brought against, the company and its licensees, Much of the correspondence is by Edward H. Johnson, president; Frank S. Hastings, secretary and treasurer; and W. J. Jenks, director of the standardizing bureau.

1888. Electric Light - Edison Electric Light Company - Hluminating Companies (D-88-31)

This folder contains correspondence, reports, and other documents relating to the organization and operation of Edison illuminating companies. Included are documents pertaining to the annual meeting of the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies and to the construction of a central station for the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia. There is also a profit-and loss-statement for local Edison illuminating companies. Among the correspondents are Edward H. Johnson, president of the Edison Electric Light Co.; W. Preston Hix, the

company’s gencral agent; and William D. Marks, supervising engineer and gencral manager of the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia.

1888. Electric Light - Edison General Electric Company (D-88-32)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the formation of the Edison General Electric Co. Also included are documents pertaining to the financial condition of the Edison Machine Works and Bergmann & Co, Most of the letters are by Henry Villard, a prominent financier and one of the founders of the Edison General Electric Co. At the end of the folder are several pages of undated rough notes and calculations by Edison regarding various merger proposals, Some of the material is by Samuel Insull, treasurer and general manager of the Edison Machine Works,

1888. Electric Light - Edison Lamp Company - General (D-88-33)

This folder contains correspondence, financial reports, and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Lamp Co. Much of the correspondence is by Francis R. Upton, general manager and treasurer. Some of the correspondence is by Charles E. Chinnock, vice-president of the Edison United Manufacturing Co, Related documents can be found in D-88-39 (Electric Light -Forcign - General).

1888. Electric Light - Edison Lamp Company - Accounts (D-88-34)

This folder contains reports and other documents relating to the finances of the Edison Lamp Co. Among the items are monthly statements covering the period January-July 1888, Also included are a summary report for August 1888 and an assessment report for the years 1882-1887.

1888. Electric Light - Edison Machine Works (D-88-35)

This folder contains correspondence, reports, and other documents relating to the business and finances of the Edison Machine Works. Much of the correspondence is by Samuel Insull, general manager and treasurer. Many of the letters relate to problems in the development and sale of dynamos, insulated wiring, and other products, There are also letters and reports pertaining to the finances of the company. One letter to Alfred O. Tate questions the motives and reliability of Edison's J apanese employees. Related documents can be found in D-88-39 (Electric Light - Foreign - General) and D-88-56 (West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers).

1888. Electric Light - Edison United Manufacturing Company (D-88-36)

This folder contains correspondence, financial reports, and other documents relating to the business of the Edison United Manufacturing Co. This company served as the sales agent for various Edison electric light companies, including Bergmann & Co., the Edison Lamp Co., and the Edison Machine Works. Some of the letters are by Charles E. Chinnock, vice-president of the Edison United Manufacturing Co. There are also several monthly lists of new electric light plant installations.

1888. Electric Light - Edison Wiring Company (D-88-37)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the operations of the Edison Wiring Co. This company served as the contractor for the installation of Edison electric light systems. Some of the documents pertain to wiring problems with electric light systems installed in various Llewellyn Park homes. Other items deal with the absorption of the Edison Wiring Co. by the Edison United Manufacturing Co. in March.

(Number Not Used] (D-88-38)

1888. Electric Light - Foreign - General (D-88-39)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the establishment of electric lighting systems in foreign countries, There are also letters pertaining to the marketing operations of Frazar & Co., Edison’s electric light agents in Japan. Much of the correspondence is by Francis R. Upton, manager and treasurer of the Edison Lamp Co.; Samuel Insull, general manager and treasurer of the Edison Machine Works; Joseph Hutchinson, secretary of the Edison Machine Works; and Frank S. Hastings, secretary and treasurer of the Edison Electric Light Co.

1888. Electric Light - Foreign - United Kingdom (D-88-40)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the establishment and operation of electric lighting systems in the United Kingdom. Many of the letters are by S, Flood Page, secretary of the Edison & Swan United Electric Light Co., Ltd., and pertain to the British judicial decision nullifying the validity of one of Edison's 1879 electric light patents (no. 4576). There are also letters by Charles F, Stone regarding dividends from Edison's Indian & Colonial Electric Co., Ltd.

1888. Electric Railway (D-88-41)

This folder contains correspondence relating to Edison’s involvement in electric railways. Among the documents is an invitation to buy stock in the Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Co. Also included are items pertaining to the Electric Railway Co. of the United States.

1888. Exhibitions (D-88-42)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the exhibition of Edison’s inventions in the United States and foreign countries. Many of the documents pertain to Edison’s exhibit at the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889. Among the correspondents are William J. Hammer, Edison’s associate in charge of the Paris exhibit, and S. S. Bogart, chairman of the committee on exhibit space of the Association of Railroad Telegraph Superintendents.

1888. Fort Myers (D-88-43)

This folder contains correspondence, property receipts, and other documents relating to the maintenance of the homes and properties of Edison and Ezra T. Gilliland in Fort Myers, Florida. Much of the correspondence is by William E. Hibble, caretaker, and pertains to his salary and gardening duties.

1888. Glenmont (D-88-44)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the furnishing and maintenance of Glenmont, Edison’s home in Llewellyn Park. Included are letters regarding problems with the initial wiring of Glenmont’s electric light system. There are also letters pertaining to equipment and merchandise for Glenmont and to the availability of property adjacent to the Edison estate.

1888. Mining (D-88-45)

This folder contains correspondence, ore analysis reports, and other documents relating to mining and ore milling. Some of the documents pertain to the exhibition of ore milling machinery in the United States, France, and the United Kingdom. Other items deal with the hiring of John Birkinbine as Edison’s mining consultant. Also included are responses to a newspaper advertisement taken out by W. Preston Hix, who was in charge of soliciting gold ore samples for experimentation.

1888. Patents (D-88-46)

This folder contains correspondence to and from Edison’s patent attorneys and agents, along with other letters relating to domestic and foreign patent applications, patent litigation, and other patent matters, Included are letters pertaining to patents for the electric lamp, the kinetograph, the phonograph, the talking doll, the sextuplex telegraph, and ore milling. There is also correspondence about the International Union for the Protection of Industrial Property and about efforts to reform the U.S. patent system. Among the correspondents are Edison’s agent, George E. Gouraud, and his patent attorneys, Richard N. Dyer, Henry W. Seely, and Lemuel W. Serrell.

1888. Phonograph - General (D-88-47)

This folder contains correspondence about the technical and commercial development of the phonograph. Included are letters about the exhibition of the phonograph, requests for information about the phonograph, and a typescript of a recorded phonogram message. Some of the letters relate to the donation of a phonograph to the Hemenway Southwest Archeological Expedition. There is also correspondence regarding Edison’s competitors, Charles S. Tainter and the American Graphophone Co. Among the correspondents are Gaston & Marsh, Edison’s phonograph agents in Detroit; Franck Z. Maguire, Edison's agent in Philadelphia; and P. Everitt, a New York engineer who was involved in a phonograph experiment. Related material can be found in D-88-01 (Battery).

1888. Phonograph - Companies (D-88-48)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the following companies: Edison Speaking Phonograph Co., Edison Phonograph Co., Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Co., Edison Phonograph Works, and North American Phonograph Co. Included are letters dealing with the manufacture of phonographs, the creation of sales agencies, and Edison’s dispute with Ezra T. Gilliland and John C. Tomlinson. Among the correspondents are Gilliland, general agent of the Edison Phonograph Co., and Jesse Lippincott, president of the North American Phonograph Co. Related documents can be found in D-88-16 (Edison, T.A. - Family).

1888. Phonograph - Foreign - General (D-88-49)

This folder contains correspondence relating to phonograph sales agencies in continental Europe, Japan, China, Mexico, and South America. There are also letters about foreign patent applications and about the presentation of a phonograph to the Sultan of Turkey. Among the correspondents are George E. Gouraud, Edison’s phonograph agent in Europe; Everett Frazar, Edison's agent in Japan and China; and Thomas B. Connery, Edison’s agent in Mexico.

1888. Phonograph - Foreign - United Kingdom (D-88-50)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the phonograph business in the United Kingdom. Included are letters about the technical performance of the phonograph, foreign patent applications, and the recording of phonogram messages exchanged between Edison and George E. Gouraud, his agent in the United Kingdom. There are also transcripts of phonogram messages sent to Edison by members of the British nobility. Most of the correspondence is by Gouraud,

1888. Sims-Edison Electric Torpedo Company (D-88-51) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence pertaining to the annual stockholders’ meeting of the Sims-Edison Electric Torpedo Co. and to other routine business of that company.

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1888. Telegraph - General (D-88-52)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the technical and commercial development of the telegraph. Some of the documents deal with the business of the Consolidated Railway Telegraph Co. and the Consolidated International Railway Telegraph Co. Other items pertain to the role of the Nicholson quadruplex patents in competition between Western Union and the Postal Telegraph-CableCo.

1888. Telegraph - Phonoplex (D-88-53)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the Edison Phonoplex System of Telegraphy. Most of the documents relate to the installation of phonoplex circuits on various American and Canadian railroads. Some of the items deal with the problem of finding suitable batteries, condensers, and other components. Other Ictters concern the suitability of the phonoplex for Europe. Much of the correspondence is by W.S. Logue, field agent for the phonoplex system. Most of Logue’s letters are addressed to Edison's secretary, Alfred O. Tate. Tate served as the company’s electrician and oversaw its daily business operations, Edison himself was only tangentially involved in phonoplex operations, and very few letters to or from him can be found in this folder. The case study approach begun in 1887 continues for the Pennsylvania Railroad; substantive items relating to the operation of the phonoplex on that railroad have been filmed. The following documents have also been filmed: documents indicating Edison's own involvement with the phonopiex; items relating to foreign phonoplex operations; and one letter from Charles Selden of the Baltimore and Ohio Telegraph Co. regarding a special discount for his company’s use of the phonoplex. The case study of the Chicago and Grand Trunk Railroad has been discontinued for 1888, as the character of the documents becomes routine following the installation of the system in 1887, Related material can be found in D-88-01 (Battery) and D-88-02 (Bergmann & Company).

1888. Telephone (D-88-54)

This folder contains correspondence about the technical and commercial development of the telephone in the United States and abroad. Some of the letters pertain to the organization of a telephone company in Great Britain. Also included are requests for information about the telephone and correspondence about the loan of a loud-speaking telephone for a lecture series,

1888. West Orange Laboratory - General (D-88-55)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the construction and operation of Edison's West Orange laboratory. Some of the material pertains to experiments and tests conducted at the laboratory and to labor policies for laboratory employees. There are also many letters by Joseph H. Taft, architect of the laboratory, concerning payment for his services. Among the correspondents are Charles Batchelor, superintendent of the laboratory, and Arthur E. Kennelly, chief electrician,

1888. West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers (D-88-56)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the purchase of supplies for Edison's West Orange laboratory and the shipment of scientific instruments, tools, equipment, machinery, and materialsto the laboratory. Some of the letters pertain to the purchase of furniture for the library. Related documents can be found in D-88-35 (Electric Light - Edison Machine Works).

1888. Battery (D-88-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents concerning the procurement and testing of batteries for Edison’s phonograph and phonoplex.

All the documents have been filmed.

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[ENCLOSURE] Y 7 \ sabrents ROBERTS-BREVOORT ELECTRIC Co,, LIMITED, 22 AND 24 FRANKEORT 81, etoae No, 206 BROADWAY, P.O, Box 9568. NOW YOP 1 yo... ann MY. 0g Bg encnnnnnnnnennnne 188 \

Dear Sirt-

We have your today's favor. We do not understand what you mean by “large size® cells. When you give us this information, please also state the maximum: amount of sdvitane in amperes and volts you want to draw eut at anyone time. We shall then answer.

your letter fully.

Very truly, ROBERTS-BREvooRT ELQCTRIC Co, LINITED, +

t 1

Mr. W. H. Meadowcroft, 65 Fifth Ave.,

City.

1

[ENCLOSURE]

JAMES H. MASON, Generar. Manacer,

Vfhe Mason- §Good Klectrical Wt'g. Go. FACTORY AND SHOW ROOMS: 56 MYRTLE AVE., HOWE & MARTIN, GENERAL AGENTS.

150 Nassau St., New York. 4

Ttoom 12, 5

Brooklyn, Iteg 3 _ ASEF |

CS YA tine. BS .. |

ek

THe Mason-Woop

IMprovep SoLUTION FOR Wea e_@_@ Ge 7 2:

, 160 Gace,

t

Evecrric LIGHTING, : !

Primary Evectric Licut § t Cons as ~ ee the YG t |

BATTERIES. . , : \ Euecrro Morors. VA ANNs how an ; fhe ag cte aLrop Etecrric Betts, Ves, ite Qe oF Use Can ole a, cm 4 ETC, :

Mason’s OO oe “Pleo CAL, ae ee : Fiecrric ADVERTISER, *~ . Z

arr ole Be vreree 41, oo.

Mason's ! PorrapLe ELecrric i ; Reavine Lamps. he 7a ec CL ArH Sule: wd i Fi £247D ? :

i Evecrrte Carriace Lamps a a) Gal Ssuxknaty AND BATTERIES, . . S ,, : A

Mason-Woop’s | Execrric READING, ORGAN “ann Prano” Lamps,

er eee a

i

_, Incanpescent Lamps oF ANY CanDLE POWER ALWAYS ON HAND.

Mope. AND EXPERIMENTAL Work A SPECIALITY,

ALL Work GUARANTEED,

meee rem ee

[ENCLOSURE]

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[ENCLOSURE]

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[ENCLOSURE]

JAMES H. MASON, Genera Manacer,

JChe Wason- Xffooa Electrical. Mrs. Go.

FACTORY AND SHOW ROOMS: 56 MYRTLE AVE,,

HOWE & MARTIN, Genera. AGENTS, 150 Nassau St., New York.

Room 12,

Broateli ry bea A20%,..L.0.. She 1388 8! W2heior. PY: treostouseregey” : Cacy Goin % |

eee 3" on! = a a) to 16% ee O-) THe Mason-Woop Vag

IitproveD SOLUTION FOR NMtrw Cre I er Lae —Hre AA A, Pare

Execrric Lic rine,

|

—_ |

Primary Evecrric Licut oo“ thr_22. o. , 4

BATrYertes,

Eueerno Morons Pree of ) fark oe 20 AL

Exectric Bets, fo Ov ine aaa” masa 5 belay Mason's Loon ee sgaltn, fo ae

Fuecrric ADVERTISER.

Mason's (3) Pa aaa

PortanLte TEecrric

; : | . i ! >’ ae t i Reapine Lamps, 2/ : . | Mason’s leane ny ; re: ' Execrric CARRIAGE <7. meen LL f- ve

Execrric Reapinc, ORGAN AND Prano Lamps.

INCANDESCENT LAMPS OF ANY ae aa ' CANDLE PoWER ALWays . i : Q: ON HAND. , . ~ OF .

Mopet AND EXPERIMENTAL

AND BATTERIES, LT E u Mason-Woon's ee 9 tra at

Att Work GUARANTEED,

Work 4 Sreciauiry. Port net St |

22 ano 26 FRANKFORY BT.

[ENCLOSURE]

4, Mba Peters S The Mile} gies ROBERTS-BREVOORT ELECTRIC CO, LIMITED, -._. : j

Ew YORK, No. 206 BROADYY!

NOW YoOr Ky. iccccccccnr nen MBB 20,

Dear Sir:-

We have your yesterday's favor. Ten cells of the ihe and size referred to would cost $125.- These will give 4 amperea: . constantly for several hours at a time,or ,6 to 8 amperes for a few minutes at a time. We can allow a commission of 10 % on this,

which is special. We have not decided on any trade discount.

Very truly, ROBERTS-BREVocRT ELECTRIC Co, LIMITED, , .—

Mr. Wm. H. Meadowcroft, 65 Fifth Ave.,

Oity.

Ihe alelra me ee. fo ay lle bet Cee cette creed ger ew ewe *f thot S0o _ aufiere teres" | ote

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[ENCLOSURE]

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[ENCLOSURE]

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