Compilation © 1993 University Publications of America All rights reserved.

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A SELECTIVE MICROFILM EDITION

PART III (1887-1898)

Thomas E. Jeffrey Microfilm Editor

Gregory Field Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Lisa Gitelman Leonard DeGraaf Dennis D. Madden

Mary Ann Hellrigel Paul B. Israel Robert A. Rosenberg Karen A. Detlg Gregory Jankunls Douglas G. Tarr

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Sponsors

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

University Publications of America Bethesda, Maryland 1993

ntssion of McGraw-Edlson Company.

THOMAS A. EDISON PAPERS

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey

Associate Director and Microfilm Editor

Robert A. Rosenberg Managing Editor, Book Edition

Helen Endlck

Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editor

Paul B. Israel

Research Associates

Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Karen A. Detig

Gregory Jankunls

Assistant Editors

Keith A. Nler Gregory Field Lisa Gltelman Martha J. King

Secretary

Grace Kurkowskl

Student Assistant Bethany Jankunls

BOARD OF SPONSORS

Rutgers, The State Univetsity of New Jersey

Francis L. Lawrence Joseph J. Seneca Richard F. Foley Rudolph M. Bell

New Jersey Historical Commission Howard L. Green

National Park Service John Maounis Maryanne Gerbauckas Nancy Waters George Tselos Smithsonian Institution Bernard Finn Arthur P. Molella

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., Harvard University Neil Harris, University of Chicago Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Arthur Link, Princeton University Nathan Reingold, Smithsonian Institution Robert E. Schofield, Iowa State University

CORPORATE ASSOCIATES

William C. Hittinger (Chairman), RCA Corporation Edward J. Bloustein, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Gees Bruynes, North American Philips Corporation Paul J. Christiansen, Charles Edison Fund Philip F. Dietz, Westinghouse Electric Corporation Roland W. Schmitt, General Electric Corporation Harold W. Sonn, Public Service Electric and Gas Company Morris Tanenbaum, AT&T

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS

PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS

The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund The Hyde and Watson Foundation Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation

PUBLIC FOUNDATIONS

National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities National Historical Publications and Records Commission

PRIVATE CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS

Alabama Power Company Amerada Hess Corporation Anonymous AT&T

Atlantic Electric

Association of Edison illuminating Companies, Inc.

Battelle Memorial Institute The Boston Edison Foundation Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc. Carolina Power & Light Company Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company Coming Glass Works Foundation Duke Power Company Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric Systems)

Exxon Corporation Florida Power & Light Company General Electric Foundation Gould Inc. Foundation Gulf States Utilities Company Idaho Power Company International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Iowa Power and Light Company

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. McGraw-Edison Company Minnesota Power New Jersey Bell New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation Philadelphia Electric Company Philips International B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company RCA Corporation Robert Bosch GmbH Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas & Electric Savannah Electric and Power Company Schering-Plough Foundation Texas Utilities Company Thomas & Betts Corporation Thomson Grand Public Transamerica Delaval Inc. Westinghouse Educational Foundation Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.

PUBLICATION AND MICROFILM COPYING RESTRICTIONS

Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.

1889 DOCUMENT FILE

1889. Battery (D-89-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the procurement and testing of batteries for Edison’s phonoplex and phonograph. Included also are documents pertaining to William E. Hidden’s search for chrome to be used in batteries. Related documents can be found in D-89-32 (Edison Manufacturing Company) and in D-89-68 (West Orange Laboratoiy - General).

1889. Bergmann & Company (D-89-02)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the business of Bergmann & Co. The company manufactured electric lighting fixtures, sockets, and other devices used with the Edison system of electric lighting, as well as equipment for the Edison phonoplex system of telegraphy. Most of the letters are by Joseph Hutchinson, secretary of the company, and Samuel Insull, general manager. Many pertain to the manufacturing and pricing of phonoplex devices and electric meters. Other correspondence concerns new types of insulating materials for electrical devices submitted to the laboratoiy for testing. Related material can be found in D-89-66 (Telegraph - Phonoplex) and in D-89-68 (West Orange Laboratory - General).

1889. Dick (A.B.) Company (D-89-03)

This folder contains correspondence, circulars, and other documents relating to the mimeograph and electric pen business of the A.B. Dick Co. Some of the letters concern Edison*s patent infringement suit against the Cyclostyle Co. Other letters pertain to the Scott Legacy Medal awarded to the mimeograph by the Franklin Institute. There is also correspondence regarding royalty payments and mimeograph sales agencies.

1889. Drexel, Morgan & Company (D-89-04)

This folder contains correspondence about financial transactions undertaken by Drexel, Morgan & Company for Edison or his companies. The letters deal with topics that do not fall under the main subject categories Most of the correspondence relates to routine exchanges of money.

1889. Edison, T.A. - General (D-89-05)

This folder contains documents, primarily correspondence, covering a wide variety of subjects. Some of the material relates to personal matters. Also included are documents that deal with more than one subject, such as a letter about both the electric light and the phonograph. Documents concerning subjects that do not fall under the main subject categories arc also filed in this folder. Among the items are several documents relating to the acquisition and shipment of the marble statue, "Genius of Electricity," which Edison purchased for his West Orange laboratoiy at the Paris Exposition of 1889. Also included is correspondence from engineering schools regarding scholarship funds and donations of electric light equipment and laboratoiy apparatus. In addition, there are numerous letters from Everett Frazar pertaining to Edison’s business interests in Asia: correspondence by Philip S. Dyer, Edison’s patent attorney in Europe; and letters regarding the illegal use of Edison s name. Near the end of the folder is an undated 21-pagc memorandum in Edison’s hand, declaring his intent to go into the ore milling business in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, providing the rationale for this decision, and explaining his plans for financing the venture.

1889. Edison, TA. - Accounts (D-89-06)

This folder contains documents relating to Edison’s personal and business finances. Included are bills and accounts pertaining to the purchase of library furniture as a birthday gift to Edison, along with a list of employee contributors and the amount donated by each.

1889. Edison, TA. - Articles (D-89-07)

TTiis folder contains correspondence requesting Edison to write articles; correspondence relating to articles about Edison or his inventions; and letters from journalists seeking to interview Edison. Also included is a conductivity*^ ArthUr E' Kennelly conccrnine his articles on electric meters, zinc sulfate solutions, and the

1889. Edison, TA. - Autograph & Photograph Requests (D-89-08) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence requesting Edison’s autograph or asking for his photograph.

1889. Edison, T A. Bills and Receipts (D-89-09) [not filmed]

This folder contains bills and receipts for routine West Orange laboratoiy, personal, and office expenses.

1889. Edison, TA. - Bills or Lading (D-89-10) [not filmed]

TTiis folder contains bills of lading for the shipment of merchandise to Edison, Alfred O. Tate, and the West Orange laboratoiy.

1889. Edison, TA. - Book and Journal Orders (D-89-11)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the ordering of books and journals. Also included arc letters about the purchase of state geological surveys.

1889. Edison, TA. - Clubs and Societies (D-89-12)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison’s membership and activities in social clubs and professional societies.

1889. Edison, TA. - Creditors (D-89-13) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence relating to unpaid bills for Edison’s personal and West Orange laboratory expenscs. Related documents can be found in D-89-09 (Edison, T. A. - Bills and Receipts).

1889. Edison, TA. - Employment (D-89-14)

This folder contains correspondence from or about employees and prospective employees. There are also etters of recommendation in support of individuals seeking employment. Most of the correspondence relates to employment requests for the West Orange laboratory. Some documents pertain to employment at Glcnmont and at the various Edison companies.

1889. Edison, TA. - Family (D-89-15)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents by and about Edison’s family. Some of the letters *y? s daughter, Marion, who was traveling in Europe. There are also letters from Edison’s dentist,

, ,B;.E.ly- and requests from various relatives for money or personal favors. In addition, there is a list of vital statistics for Thomas and Mina Edison, prepared for their passport applications.

1889. Edison, TA.

(D-89-16) [not filmed]

This foUer contains routine correspondence from insurance agents requesting Edison to purchase personal and business insurance policies. Also included arc laboratory insurance inspection notices, inspection requests, and an insurance dividend notification. H

1889. Edison, TA. - Outgoing Correspondence (D-89-17) [not filmed]

This folder contains duplicate copies of correspondence found in the General Letterbook Series.

1889. Edison, T. A. - Real Estate (D-89-18)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the purchase and sale of land and buildings. The letters concern the acquisition of land in Bloomfield and Silver Lake, NJ. Most of the correspondence is by George P. Kingsley, Edison’s real estate lawyer.

1889. Edison, TA. - Secretary - Randolph, John (D-89-19) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence relating to John F. Randolph’s role as Edison’s bookkeeper and Alfred O. Tate’s office assistant. The letters deal with routine financial transactions of the various Edison companies, especially the Edison Phonograph Works. Many of the letters arc from Thomas Butler, writing on behalf of Samuel Insull. Also included are routine letters of acknowledgement and transmittal.

1889. Edison, T. A. - Secretary - Tate, Alfred O. (D-89-20)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Alfred O. Tate’s role as Edison’s private secretary, along with occasional items pertaining to Tate’s private life. Letters addressed to Tate in his capacity as Edison’s secretary or representative that do not fall under the main subject categories are generally filed in this folder. Most of the material deals with routine business and legal matters. Letters addressed to Tate that deal with a specific subject or the business of a particular company can be found in their appropriate subject folders.

1889. Edison, TA. Shipping (D-89-21) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the shipment of supplies, machinery, and other equipment to the West Orange laboratory and to the various Edison companies. There are also some items pertaining to the shipment of Edison’s personal goods.

1889. Edison, TA. - Suppliers (D-89-22) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence pertaining to suppliers of equipment and materials for Edison. Letters that are directly related to the West Orange laboratory or to a specific company can be found in D-89-70 (West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers) and in the various company folders.

1889. Edison, T. A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Advice (D-89-23)

This folder contains routine correspondence suggesting improvements in Edison’s inventions, asking him for advice on technical matters, or requesting his assistance in improving or promoting an invention.

1889. Edison, TA. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Business (D-89-24) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence from individuals requesting agencies for Edison’s inventions, inquiring about their purchase or cost, asking for other information about his inventions, or seeking to do business with Edison.

1889. Edison, TA. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Deafness (D-89-25) [not filmed]

This folder contains requests for information about the technical and commercial development of a hearing aid by Edison. These inquiries were stimulated by Edison’s work on the improved phonograph, which drew attention to his own deafness.

TThs folder contains correspondence inquiring whether Edison was responsible for a bright light appearing in the sky above Menlo Park, N.J. Newspaper accounts claimed that the light, referred to as thT"Ed "tar” was "he placet Venu^ SUSpCndcd from a ba,,00n' Edison denied responsibility and stated that the light

1889. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Foreign Language (D-89-27) [not filmed]

TTiis folder contains routine and mostly untranslated letters addressed to Edison. Some have been annotated with a brief summary of the contents.

1889. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Personal (D-89-28) [not filmed]

™S/°'de,r C0“!ains r°uliae Personal requests, fan mail, and other items for which no record of a significant S Ed,s°n has been found. Included arc letters asking Edison for educational advice, personal information, loans, charitable contributions, exhibits of his inventions, and other personal favors.

1889. Edison, T. A. - Visitors (D-89-29)

This folder contains letters of introduction and requests to visit Edison and/or tour his West Orange bboratoiy. Among the requests are several concerning prominent Latin American figures such as President Soto of Honduras and politician Agusto Matte of Chile.

1889. Edison Machine Works - General (D-89-30)

TTiis folder contains correspondence relating to the business and finances of the Edison Machine Works. Most dvnomic v Sam“ naUl1, treasurcr and general manager, and pertain to the sale and shipment of

SSktrl0!* Pr°dUC,S- S°me °f the corresPondence concerns experiments and tests conducted by the Machine Works on compounds sent from the Edison laboratory for use in insulated wiring Other letters relate to explosions in junction boxes in New York and other cities, mai - S

ains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison ). Most of the letters are by Philip S. Dyer, Edison’s European agent in Antwerp, and deal own Edlso.n and Fcl“ Lalande for the r'gh*s to the Lalande battery. Related material can

1889. Electric Light - General (D-89-33)

is correspondence and other documents relating to electric fighting and power. Included are o the incandescent lamp, the alternatingcurrent controversy, and electrocution experiments Jd P'r?™wn' a Naw Yorfc electrical engineer. There are also documents concerning lamp . uf- P1^0. Burlington & Quincy Railroad and by the Niagara River Hydraulic Tunnel itablished to develop a hydroelectric power system in Buffalo, N.Y. Edison advised the

Co., which

rampany about the construction of central stations and about a direct-current distribution system. A seriesof lengthy memoranda written by Edison on this subject can be found near the end of the folder. There is also a sahne pamphlet relating to the patent litigation of the Edison Electric Light Co. Among the correspondents are H. Ward Leonard, an electrical engineer involved in lamp tests, and Edward D. Adams, president of the Cataract Construction Co. and a promoter of the Niagara Falls project.

and Sims (D-89-34)

This folder contains correspondence concerning the steam engines suppUcd to Edison by the Armington and PWtad^to C°' Am°nS th<! d0CUmen,s is a lcltcr about thc °Pcration of *t>e Edison central station in

1889. Electric Light - Edison Electric Light Company - General (D-89-35)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents rclatingto the busincssof the Edison Electric Light "" are lctt.er* a^,u‘ th,e technical development of meters, electric wires, and transformers. Most of the correspondence is by W. J. Jenks, director of thc company’s standardizing bureau.

1889. Electric Light - Edison Electric Light Company - Illuminating Companies (D-89-36)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the organization and management of local Edison illuminating companies. Included are documents concerning the annual convention of thc of Edison lllummating Companies. Among the correspondents arc Jonathan H. Vail, secretary

1889. Electric Light - Edison Electric Light Company of Philadelphia (D-89-37)

Tins folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia Most of thc letters are by William D. Marks, general manager of the company. There are also reports by Marks to the company’s board of directors concerning the construction and operation of central stations and a blueprint containing a transverse section of thc Philadelphia central station.

1889. Electric Light - Edison General Electric Company (D-89-38)

C^ta‘nS “rresP°ndcnce aad °‘her documents relating to the organization of the Edison General ^ “a,ny/ he CrS ar° b? Hcn,y Villard’ a Promincnt financier who became president of the company, deluded also are numerous letters by William D. Marks regarding a dispute over his authority as chief of the company s engineering department. Related material can be found in D-89-44 (Electric Railway).

1889. Electric Light - Edison United Manufacturing Company (D-89-40)

M‘Lf^C°nrinLCOrrei?°ndCnCe and °thcr documcnts relaling to the business of the Edison United ? . CO"eSP°.ndencc is CharIcs E. Chinnock, vice president of the company. hflheTMfdwesrfrom dT* w* *°.pr°b ems m ‘Jj® instaHation of electric lighting plants and to sales competition foiled ^ n wfJt rci h, .WIe?1‘nigh°use and Thomson-Houston electric companies. Related material can be found in D-89-43 (Electric Light - United Edison Manufacturing Company).

1889. Electric Light - Foreign - General (D-89-41)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the electric light business in various foreign countries. Borne of the correspondence concerns competition in Japan between the AUgemeine Electncitats Gesellschaft and Frazar & Co. Other letterspertain to Edison’s stock transactions with the Edison Spanish Colonial Light Co., the quality of Siemens cables in Europe, and a royalty dispute between the Canadian Edison Manufacturing Co. and the Edison Electric Light Co.

1889. Electric Light - Foreign - United Kingdom (D-89-42)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertainingto the organization and management of Edison s British electric lighting companies. Included are letters relatingto the Edison & Swan United Electric Light Co., Ltd.; Edison’s Indian & Colonial Electric Co.; the Australasian Electric Light, Power & Storage Co.; and the Metropolitan Electric Supply Co., Ltd. Also included is a newspaper clipping regarding Edison’s opinion of the electric lighting business in Great Britain. Among the correspondents are Waterhouse, Winterbotham & Harrison, Edison s British patent attorneys; Samuel Flood Page, secretaiy of the Edison & Swan company; and John B. Verity, a director of the Metropolitan company.

1889. Electric Light - United Edison Manufacturing Company (D-89-43)

Tins folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the United Fdicr,n Manufacturing Co. This company was organized in 1889 as a successor to the Edison United Manufacturing Co. Much of the correspondence is by Jacob H. Herrick, president, and J. C. Henderson, chief engineer of construction, and deals with comparative costs of wiring systems for central stations, canvassing of potential districts, and franchise negotiations for installing electric light distribution systems.

1889. Electric Railway (D-89-44)

TOs folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison’s involvement in electric railways, borne of the documents pertain to the acquisition of the Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Co. by the Edison General Electric Co. and to related stock transfers involving Edison. There are also two reports dealing ^diKin General Eindttl-0Q)f ^ Sp|agUe company' Related material can be found in D-89-38 (Electric Light

1889. Exhibitions - General (D-89-45)

This folder contains correspondence concerning electrical and industrial exhibitions in Canada, the United

ssxsr ““ T- c “■* “a *•

1889. Exhibitions - Paris Exposition (D-89-46)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents concerning Edison’s exhibit at the Paris Universal Exposition. Also included are letters relating to disagreements between Edison’s agents, William J. Hammer and George E. Gouraud. Related items regarding the contract for electric lighting at the Exposition can be found in the Miscellaneous Legal Series.

1889. Fort Myers (D-89-47)

f°!,der contains correspondence, property tax receipts, and other documents pertaining to the maintenance

Tills folder contains correspondence, bills, and other documents relating to the furnishing and maintenance of Glenmont, Edison s home in Llewellyn Park. Included is correspondence from Edwards & Co. pertaining to the installation of a burglar alarm and bell system. Some of the documents deal with floor refinishing and rovering. There are also letters from E. T. Burrowes & Co. regarding a photograph of the house to be included in theirsales catalog. Related documents pertaining to miscellaneous household purchases can be found in D-89-09 (Edison, T.A.- Bills and Receipts),

1889. Mining - General (D-89-49)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to mining and ore milling. Many of the etters are i by John Birkinbine, a consulting mining engineer hired by Edison to evaluate mining properties and to advise him on related projects. Some of the documents pertain to requests for information about Edison’s mining and ore milling machinery. Included also is an undated draft contract in Edison’s hand regarding a proposed Edison Iron Concentration Co. of New Jersey. Related documents can be found in D-89-1 1 (Edison Laboratory*. Suppliers)11 °rdCrS): D"89'3° (EdiS°" Machinc Works ' General) and D-89-70 (West Orange

1889. Mining - Edison Iron Concentrating Company (D-89-50)

This folder contains correspondence regarding the business of the Edison Iron Concentrating Co. Most of the letters are by Walter S. Mallory, secretaiy-treasurerand general manager. Some of the documents pertain to production difficulties at the company’s Michigan ore milling plant. There are also letters relating to the distribution of stock and other financial matters.

1889. Mining - Edison Ore Milling Company, Ltd. (D-89-51) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence relating to the business of the Edison Ore Milling Co., Ltd. Included are inquiries regarding the value and sale of company stock; correspondence regarding stock

transfers; letters of transmittal; and meeting announcements. 6

1889. Mining - Fore

n (D-89-52)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to mining and ore milling in Canada, Chile Europe, and New Zealand. Some of the items deal with inquiries about Edison’s ore milling and processing machinciy. Other documents pertain to ore samples sent to Edison from various sources. Among the correspondents are Osgood S. Wiley, an Edison agent in the United Kingdom who was dismissed in 1889- James Dredge, the coeditor of Engineering; and S. J. Ritchie, a businessman seeking to utilize Edison’s ore milling process in Canada. *

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to mines and ores to be bought sold worked, or tested. Some of the items deal with the mining interests of individuals who either wanted to sell property to Edison or to have their ores tested. There are also numerous inquiries regarding Edison’s ore Srato^ - SuppIiefs)latCd d°CUmentS Ca" be f°Und in D-89 01 (Battery) and D-89-70 (West Orange

1889. Patents (D-89-54)

TOs foWerTOntains correspondence to and from Edison’s patent attorneys and agents, along with other letters relating to domestic and foreign patent applications, patent litigation, and other patent matters. Included are letters pertaining to patents for the electric lamp, the dynamo, the phonograph, and ore milling machinery.

There are also letters concerning lamp p Among the correspondents are Richard N. and Grosvenor P. Lowrey.

latent Utigation in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. Dyer, George E. Gouraud, Lemuel W. Serrell, Sherburne B. Eaton,

1889. Phonograph - General

This folder contains correspondence about the technical and commercial development of the phonograph Some of the letters are by Edison’s attorney, Sherburne B. Eaton, and relate to Edison’s suit against Ezra T. Gilliland and John C. Tomlinson. Also included are letters about musical recording sessions at the West Orange laboratory, correspondence regarding phonograph exhibitions, and requests for information about phonographs and cylinder recordings. Individual letters pertaining to more than one phonograph company are also filed in this folder.

1889. Phonograph - Edison Phonograph Company (D-89-56)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the business of the Edison Phonograph Go. Many of the documents deal with stock and royalty matters involving Mary Hemcnway, Jesse Lippincott and the North American Phonograph Co.

1889. Phonograph - Edison Phonograph Works (D-89-57)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertainingto the businessof the Edison Phonograph Works. Many of the letters are from the law firm of Eaton & Lewis and relate to stock matters and to agreements between Edison, the Phonograph Works, and other parties.

1889. Phonograph - Foreign - General (D-89-58)

IJis folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the commercial development of Edison’s phonograph in France, Germany, Russia, and Latin America. Some of the letters pertain to the presentation of a phonograph to the German Imperial Postal Museum and the demonstration of the phonograph to Czar Alexander III, Peter Tchaikovsky, and Anton Rubinstein. Many of the letters are by Julius H. Block, Edison’s phonograph agent in Russia. Also included are two letters, written by Block in 1922, enclosing phonograph testimonials made in 1889.

1889. Phonograph Foreign Edison’s Phonograph Company (D-89-59)

TJis folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the commercial development of Edison’s phonograph m the United Kingdom, continental Europe, Australasia, India, and South America-territories controlled by his agent, George E. Gouraud. Included are numerous letters by Edison’s secretary, Alfred O. Tate, concerning Gouraud’s business abilities and the efforts of Jesse Seligman to take over Gouraud’s phonograph agency. Most of the correspondence is by Gouraud and Tate. There are also letters by J. Lewis Young, general manager of Edison’s Phonograph Co., and by H. De Cbursey Hamilton, Gouraud's business

1889. Phonograph - Foreign - Frazar & Company (D-89-60)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to phonograph sales agencies in China Japan, and Korea. There are also letters about the presentation of phonographs to Chinese and Japanese government officials and about the search for wax to use in phonograph cylinders. Most of the correspondence !?,bLrer?“ Frazar> Edison’s phonograph agent in Japan and China. Related material can be found in D-89- 41 (Electric Light - Foreign - General).

1889. Phonograph - Foreign - Mexico (D-89-61)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the commercial development of Edison’s phonograph in Mexico. Included are documents concerning the formation of an Edison phonograph company in Mexico and toe presentation of a phonograph to the Mexican president, Porfirio Diaz. Among the correspondents are Ihomas B. Connery, Edison s phonograph agent in Mexico; Edwin M. Fox, a New York lawyer; and Juan B. Ceballos, a New York merchant. Fox and CebaUos were organizers and investors in Edison’s Mexican phonograph company.

1889. Phonograph - North American Phonograph Company - General (D-89-62)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the North American Phonograph Co. Included are documents concerning stock transactions, the relationship of the company to the Edison Phonograph Works and subsidiary phonograph companies, and the advertising and distribution of phonographs and cylinder recordings. Among the correspondents are Jesse H. Lippincott, president of the company, and Thomas R. Lombard, vice president.

1889. Phonograph - North American Phonograph Company - Subsidiary Sales Companies (D-89-63)

This folder contains correspondence concerning the business affairs of various regional sales rampnnies under contract with the North American Phonograph Co. Included are letters about the exhibition of the phonograph and about technical problems with phonographs and phonograph batteries. There is also material relating to the shipment of talking dolls. Among the correspondents are John L. Butterfield, manager of the Michigan Phonograph Co.; Louis Glass, general manager of the Pacific Phonograph Co.; and W. T. Ross, general manager of the Tennessee Phonograph Co. B

1889. Phonograph - Talking Doll (D-89-64)

Tb^ folder contains coirespondence, reports, and other documents concerning the manufacture and promotion ot Edison s talking doU. Many of the documents pertain to the organization and management of the Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Co. Included also are letters requesting dolls or asking for information about them. Among the correspondents are William W. Jacques, president of the Toy Manufacturing Co., and Benjanun F. Stevens, a company director. There are also numerous letters by Edison’s friend, A. B. Dick, who was making inquiries about the manufacture of dolls while traveling in continental Europe.

1889. Telegraph - General (D-89-65)

This folder contains correspondence relating to automatic telegraphy and other telegraph matters.

1889. Telegraph - Phonoplex (D-89-66)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the Edison Phonoplex System of 1 elegraphy. Most of the documents relate to the installation of phonoplex circuits on various American and Canadian railroads. Some of the items deal with the problem of finding suitable batteries, condensers, and other components. There are also documents regarding the phonoplex in Germany. Much of the correspondence is by W.S. Logue, field agent for the phonoplex system. Most of Logue’s letters are addressed infro‘.“n S “C.reta^.’ AlfJfd °‘ Tate- Tate served as ll>e company’s electrician and oversaw its daily business operations. Edison himself was only tangentially involved in phonoplex operations, and very few letters to or from him can be found in this folder. The case study approach begun in 1887 continues for the Pennsylvania Railroad; substantive items relating to the operations of the phonoplex on that railroad have been selected. In addi ion, the following documents have been filmed: items indicating Edison’s own involvement in the phonoplex; documents regarding the acquisition of phonoplex instruments by the German Imperial Postal Museum; correspondence from Charles Selden of the Baltimore and Ohio Telegraph Co. regarding a special discount for his company s use of the phonoplex; and an undated summary statement issued by the Edison Phonoplex System. Related matenalcan be found in D-89-01 (Battery) and D-89-02 (Bergmann & Company).

1889. Telephone (D-89-67) [not filmed]

SuTc'feph^neCto ^ routineleWersoftransmittalaccoinpanyingroyaltypayments toEdison from the /Vmerican

1889. West Orange Laboratory - General (D-89-68)

c°rr“P<?nd<;!>ce.;ePO«s. and other documents relating to the operations of the West me bfchmW nmohnf ‘S * °I pr0P°f d,rf earch Projects in Edison’s hand. Many of the documents are by Charles Batchelor, superintendent of the laboratory, and Arthur E. Kenncliy, chief electrician.

1889. West Orange Laboratory - Machine Shop Accounts (D-89-69)

This folder contains labor cost accounts for the large machine shop at Edison’s West Orange laboratory The HC P*nod Anenst-Decembcr 1889 and contain the names of those working infhe machin7shop.

he Etoributfon PTC,S onIw?ich ,hcy wcre worki"g- Related material can be found fn

the Distribution of Labor books (West Orange Laboratory Records Scries).

1889. West Orange Laboratory - Suppliers (D-89-70)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the purchase of supplies and equipment L Kullfm'8 Wsf °[an?e 'ntoratoiy. There are also documents pertainingto Edison’s purchase of the George L. Kunz mineral collection, including a complete inventory of the collection. 6

1889. Battery (D-89-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the procurement and testing of batteries for Edison’s phonoplex and phonograph Included also are documents pertaining to William E. Hidden’s search for chrome to be used in batteries.

Approximately 60 percent of the documents have been filmed. The following categories of documents have not been filmed: field reports by Hidden; routine correspondence regarding the ordering and shipment of batteries; printed circular from the Electrical Accumulator Co; directions for setting up a secondary battery.

Related documents can be found in D-89-32 (Edison Manufacturing Company) and in D-89-68 (West Orange Laboratory - General).

Jamary 8, 1889.

Mr. K e n n e 1 1 y,-

I believe you made a detailed report to Mr. Edison on this battery. What answer would you suggest to make to Mr. Higgins' question?

A. 0. Tate

[ENCLOSURE]

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Mr. Thomas A. Edison ,

Menlo: Park , N. J .

Dear Sir :

. Some friends abroad have asked us to

give them information concerning Dr. Gas sner's Patent Dry

. .

to have you inform us, if you can do so without trespassing too much upon your valuable time :

1. What your opinion of this battery is ?

-c'i* 2. Whether it is the best one in existence ?

3. And do you think it can be improved upon ?

4. Would you advise the pureliase of the Patent,, including all future improvements, for Germany?

Thanking you in advance and assuring you that we shall always be pleased to reciprocate, we remain. Dear Sir, Yours , very truly.

Dear Sir :

w* have y°ur favor of the 11th inst. , and, with your kind permissdon, forward you to-ntglit by mail, a small dry battery of Dr, Gassner, vhich we trust loill answer the purpose

At your leisure, will you please answer the ques¬ tions propounded in our previous letter ?

With thanks in advance , and trusting that you will pardon us for the trouble we are giving you, we remain. Dear Sir,

[ATTACHMENT]

qVANTAq

■£ OF THE ^

D^y xj&tEBiy*-

OVER ALL OTHERS.

l.—It oan be placed in any position, upside down if necessary, as there is no liquid to drain oat.

2 -It oan be used in VERY WARM or VERY COLD places.

8. -For carrying about and for ship use, as well as for general work, it is perfect. . . .

4. — It has rung a bell for sixty days continuously, through a

resistance of twenty ohms. , ,

5. —H has driven an electric clock for thirteen months, and

still runs.

G,—H^can be. easily' and prompttu renewed.

It largely recoups itself when allowed to rest,< and may be regenerated

equal to new by passing through it the current from blue stone cells or a dynamo, in the same manner as: charging a storage battery. The porous mass between the carbon and zinc is not liquefied during regeneration, and tests show that a regenerated element is better even than when new. Exhausted cells may be returned and regenerated at a small cost.

7. — It is the best and most perfect battery for house work.

8. -There are thousands in use for all purposes: Indicators,

Bells, Telegraphs, etc.

9. -The necessary moisture is contained in the Battery in

chemical combination, and not in the form of a free liquid.

10— There is no neater, more compact and handier Battery to

be had.

11— It is praised on all hands for its eontinuousness, its porta¬

bility, ancl its immunity from danger.

12— For telephones, especially long distance ones, it supersedes

all others.

PiaiOE LIS-T.".

No. 16, Cylindrical, 7 inch. 3 Inch. $™00

L Oral, 6i Inch. 31- Inch. 14 inch. 1 60

2. 7 " 34 " 14 " 180

3i " 7 6 14 11 2 00

oval. ' medical. " 01, Medical, 44

====== TESTIMONIALS " '

Post Offioe, /lonooiO : Telkoeafh Dept., (April 10th, 1881

Dear Sir:— Yarn Dry Cells, •• Qnssner,” continue to do their work well T „Ln t„

>nvnrd ofllclnl order for some more k well. I snail, in n dny-.ot

;v" ' Ai.iiast, Octobor 1st, 1883.

Dear Sir Tlio (list Invoice of Dr. Gnssncr Dry Dnttery Hint you sent mo 1ms been so sntisf ct

be?wt018fly ,,“ill;f?r the tIme ^ your Bntleries in use, wc find Zy give

orm satisfaction. Wo have sold them to n number of customers, nnd tlicynre nil exceedingly well pleased with the notion of the Gnssncr Dry Buttery. wen

- > Yours truly, MINNEAPOLIS ELECTRIC CO.

- - Jason. Hidden, Manager.

Maodebuiio,: February 31st, 1888.

reported to the Administration of our Hallway. Wc slinll require about five hundred cells for tlio current year, which please Bupply as per order. 1 no current

■I SCHRODER,

Administration of the Royal Prussian liailmy, Telegraph Department.

LrfcoE, Juno 15th, 1888.

Dear Sirs : As you know, it is my custom to llvo In tile town In winter nnd In the count In

iirpSoZc^

which failed., to boT

will always bo In « working condition now that I uso the Gnssncr Cells. S mny "

Tours truly, F. PIRNAT.

Mr.

Thomas A. Edison, Menlo Park, N. ~J.

Pear Sir :

I should like to see you at my office, on a matter of business , at soma time next Monday or Tuesday, if convenient to you. Will you kindly state the hour at which you may be able to came, and oblige,

Yours, very trxdy^p^

ft. o. Tx A

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13e4h

Mr* Thomas A. Edison,

Orange, N. J,

Dear Sir r

We are in receipt of your favor of the 24th inst *, addressed to our Mr* Jesse Seligman, referrring to the Gassner Dry Battery and giving your opinion of the same *

Please accept our very best thanks for your kind¬ ness in this matter, and believe us. Dear Sir,

Yours, very truly.

. Jr, (Ocroicxx^ ' '

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